Pranayama :- Importance And Its Benefits

Like the honeycomb, lungs are made of about 73 million cells, comparable to a sponge in their making. On normal breathing, to which we all are accustomed, only about 20 million pores in the lungs get oxygen, whereas remaining 53 million pores remain deprived of the benefit, with the result that they get contaminated by several diseases like tuberculosis, respiratory diseases and several ailments like coughing, bronchitis etc
 In this way, the inefficient functioning of the lungs affects the process of blood purification. Heart weakens because of this with a constant possibility of untimely death.
 Benefits of Pranayama 
 Most of us are unaware of the tangible and intangible benefits of pranayama. All benefits of pranayama cannot be written down, there are lot of subtle changes like mental peace and clarity of thought that occur in our mind. 
  •  The body becomes lean, strong and healthy. 
  • Too much fat is reduced. There is lustre in the face. Eyes sparkle like diamonds. 
  • The practitioner (sadhak) becomes very handsome and free from diseases. 
  • Voice becomes sweet and melodious. The inner Anahata sounds are distinctly heard. 
  • Mental disturbances like excitement, anxiety, fear, anger, disappointment, lust for sex (lasciviousness) and other mental perversions can be calmed down by regular practice of Pranayama. 
  • Pranayama has the capacity of freeing the mind from untruthfulness, ignorance and all other painful and unpleasant experiences of the body and mind; and when the mind becomes clean it becomes easy for the Sadhaka to concentrate on the desired object and it becomes possible for him to progress further in the direction of Dhyana and Samadhi. 
  • Most of the people do not have the habit of breathing deeply with the result that only one-fourth part of the lungs is brought into action and 75 percent remains idle. Pranayama practice improves the functions of the brain cells with the result that memory and the faculty of discrimination and observation improves, making it easy for the Sadhaka to perform concentration and meditation
  • . Another benefit of Pranayama is that by its regular practice, habit of deep breathing is developed which results in several health benefits.
  •  It is said that the nature determines our life span on the basis of the number of respirations we do. Man gets the next birth in accordance with his karmas (deeds) done in the present life. 
  • Our karmas (deeds) result in the formation of certain tendencies, which determine the nature of our next birth either as humans or as animals of various categories. 
  • A man, who regularly performs Pranayama, is required to take lesser number of breaths and therefore lives longer.All the three Doshas (Humors) - Vata , pitta and Kapha get adjusted in proper proportion and abnormalities in them are removed. 
  • Digestive system improves and diseases pertaining to digestive organs are cured 
  • Diseases pertaining to lungs, heart and brain are also cured. 
  • Obesity, Diabetes, Cholesterol, Constipation, Flatulence, Acidity, Respiratory troubles, Allergy, Migraine, High blood pressure, diseases pertaining to kidneys, sexual disorders of males and females etc. are also cured. 
Importance of Pranayama:
 The goal of Pranayama is to increase the quantum of this life force (Prana) so that it can reach out to 'hidden' recesses of the brain. This helps in expanding the human faculties and retarding degeneration. 
  •  Tamas and Rajas constitute the covering or veil. This veil is removed by the practice of Pranayama. After the veil is removed, the real nature of the soul is realised. 
  • Several diseases can be averted by regular practice of Pranayama.Hence, it is obvious that the knowledge of the science of Pranayama and its regular practice enables a man to lead a healthy and long life. It is for this reason that in several Hindu religious rites, Pranayama is found to have been introduced as an essential element. 
  • By Yog asanas, we remove the distortions and disabilities of the physical body and bring it into discipline. 
  • Pranayama influences the subtle and the physical bodies in a greater measure than Yog asanas do and that too in a perceptible manner. 
  • In the human body, lungs, heart and brain hold very important positions and they depend on each other heavily for their health. 
  • Physically, Pranayam appears to be a systematic exercise of respiration, which makes the lungs stronger, improves blood circulation, makes the man healthier and bestows upon him the boon of a long life. 
  • Physiology teaches us that the air (Prana) we breathe in fills our lungs, spreads in the entire body, providing it with essential form the body, take them to the heart and then to the lungs, which throws the useless material like carbon dioxide out of the body through the act of exhalation. If this action of the respiratory system is done regularly and efficiently, lungs become stronger and blood becomes pure.

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